The Glance at Anime History

Anime (Japan animation) is one of exclusive phenomena in history of world film development. Today, anime is one of the biggest entertainment industries in Japan and might be the only one who can compete with computer animation films made in America. Anime offers the special form and style with all the imagination level and fantasy aspect that you cannot find in animation movies made in America.

In this case, the development of anime is related to the development of manga (Japan comics) that has been popular since early twenties. Started from 1914, Japan cartoonists began to be interested and tried to experiment with film.

The first short computer animation movie that was noted successful was Momotaro (1918). Then, the development of cartoons was very slow until the Second World War. After war completed, a young talented cartoonist, Osamu Tezuka produced influential a manga, Shintakarajima (1947). His work was inspired by cartoon icons of Disney and Max Fleicher in 30s whose characteristic was having a round head and big eye. Then, Tezuka was known as the father of manga and Japan anime.

A few next years, two big companies were built in Japan to be able to compete with animation movies made in America. They were Toei Animation and Mushi Creation. These two studios focused on the production of animation movies for theater plus television.
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The most popular animation series with regard to television was Tetsuwan Atom (Astro Boy/1963) by Tezuka, Gigantor, Tobor, Jungle Emperor, and Speed Racer.

In 70s, natural fiction genre began to clear away anime, such as Uchu Senkan Yamato, Uchu Kaizoku Chief Harlock, and MS Gundam. In the meantime, the talented animator, Hayao Miyazaki, began to outdrawn through Future Child Conan (1978) and Lupin 3: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979).

80s era was the gold amount of anime development. Yamato and Gundam was the beginning. Anime also eliminated away video market in the form of First Video Animation (OVA). The most important movie was NausicaƤ of the Area of the Wind (1986). Other movies were Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1986), My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989), Grave from the Fireflies (1987), and Akira (1989).

Meanwhile, 90s era noted a controversial film like Neon Genesis Evangelion (1995) that began craze of giant robot anime with complicated plot. Another popular series were Sailor Moon, Dragon Basketball, and Pokemon. Hayao Miyazaki brought anime into higher level through dream movies like Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2002), and Howl’s Moving Castle (2004).

Until today, anime industry is noted as the most productive and creative animation industry in the world. It also influences a lot of western movies like Animatrix, Destroy Bill Vol. 1, Speed Speed, and Avatar.